The ACE project was launched in 2013 by the governments of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, The Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo, with support from the World Bank. The objective of the ACE Project is to promote regional specialization among participating universities within areas that address particular regional development challenges and strengthen the capacities of these universities to deliver high quality training and applied research. In 2015, Cote d’Ivoire joined the ACE project, bringing the number of participating countries to nine. There are a total of twenty-two ACEs in the region.
The project consists of two components:
Component 1Component (1) aims to strengthen the capacity of nineteen (19) competitively selected institutions to strengthen or establish ACEs. These ACEs will deliver regional in-demand quality training and applied research in partnerships with regional academic institutions, international academic institutions, relevant employers and industry. Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo are under Component (1).
This component will strengthen nineteen (19) Centers of Excellence in selected higher education institutions to produce highly skilled graduates and applied research to help address specific regional development challenges. Centers of Excellence draw on specialized departments and faculty in higher education institutions (universities) in West and Central African countries in disciplines related to STEM, Agriculture and Health. The number of ACEs per country and sector supported and strengthened under this component is shown in Table 1 below.
|Benin||ACE in Applied Mathematics|
|Burkina Faso||ACE in Environment and Water Engineering with agro-business elements|
|Cameroon||ACE in Application of Information Technology|
|Ghana||ACE in Water and Environmental Engineering and Sciences||ACE in Crop Science and Plant Breeders||ACE in Cell Biology of Infectious Diseases|
|Nigeria*||ACE in Material Science||ACE in Agriculture and Environment||ACE in Neglected Tropical Diseases|
|ACE on Neglected Tropical Diseases and Forensic Biotechnology||ACE in Dry-land Agriculture||ACE in Phytomedicine Science|
|ACE in Phytomedicine Research and Development||ACE in Food Technology||ACE in Infectious Diseases|
|ACE in Productive Health and Innovation||ACE in Reproductive Health|
|Senegal||ACE in Mathematics and ICT||ACE in Maternal and Child Health|
|Togo||ACE in Poultry Sciences||
The Selection Process
The beneficiary institutions were selected through an open, rigorous, transparent and merit-based selection process. The selection process entailed the following main steps:
- Call for proposals to institutions;
- Submission of Center of Excellence proposals through their respective governments to the regional facilitation unit (fifty two (52) proposals were submitted);
- A systematic and detailed evaluation of proposals by thirty five (35) independent African and international experts according to pre-defined criteria. The evaluation consisted of three different and discrete sets of assessments. The universities that submitted the 31 proposals that met the required level of education and academic quality, as assessed by three independent academic experts, were further assessed through an on-site leadership evaluation and a fiduciary assessment. Each shortlisted proposal was reviewed and scored by at least seven independent evaluators;
- (iv) As a last step, fifteen proposals were selected by first selecting the highest evaluated proposal from each country that submitted proposals, and, second, the highest evaluated proposals within each of the three disciplines (up to a maximum of four proposals) were selected for each discipline, and finally, out of the remaining proposals, the three highest evaluated proposals were irrespective of country and discipline were selected. The selection mechanism sought to ensure a reasonably equitable distribution across countries, language groups and disciplines.
- Enhance capacity to deliver regional high quality training to address the development challenge, including, inter alia, update curricula of existing programs or create new education programs to meet the development challenge; meet international benchmarks for quality education (e.g. international accreditation); deliver short-term courses for professionals; attract a regional student body; training of faculty to introduce new approaches to teaching and learning; enhance work-place learning such as internships; encourage entrepreneurship among students, upgrading of qualifications of faculty; improve learning resources, including lab equipment, and minor rehabilitation or extension of existing facilities.
- Enhance capacity to deliver applied research to address the regional development challenge, including, inter alia, faculty development and staff training, minor rehabilitation works or extension of existing facilities, scholarships and post-doctoral studies, networking activities with national and international partners, hosting and participating in conferences, research equipment and materials and laboratory refurbishment, research dissemination, knowledge and technology transfer, and patenting or other intellectual property rights-related costs
- Build and use industry/sector partnerships to enhance impact of the ACE on development and increase relevance of said centers education and research, including, inter alia, industry advisory boards, internships, industry lectures, training of trainers for sector training institutions (such as polytechnics, nursing, teacher or agricultural colleges), joint research, training, and other activities to communicate, interact and reach out to the civil society, the private sector, and grassroots communities
- Build and strengthen regional and international academic partnerships to raise quality of education, raise the capacity of network partners and to raise the ACE’s capacity, including, inter alia, joint delivery of education programs, professional courses for regional faculty, faculty exchanges/visiting faculty, joint research, joint conferences, sharing of specialized equipment and library resources
- Enhance governance and management of the ACE and the participating university to improve monitoring and evaluation, including monitoring of labor market outcomes of graduates, administration, fiduciary management (including financial management (FM), procurement, oversight and capacity), transparency, ability to generate resources, and project implementation.
The selected Africa Centres of Excellence in Nigeria are as shown in Table 2 below:
|UNIVERSITY||PROJECT TITLE/NAME OF ACE|
|1||Redeemers University, Ede, Osun State||Africa Center of Excellence for Genomics of Infectious Diseases, ACEGID|
|2||African University of Science & Technology, Abuja||PAN African Materials Institute, PAMI|
|3||Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta||Center for Agricultural Development & Sustainable Environment, CEADESE|
|4||Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria||Center of Excellence on Neglected Tropical Diseases and Forensic Biotechnology, ACENTDFB|
|5||University of Jos||Phytomedicine Research & Development, ACEPRD|
|6||University of Benin||Center for Excellence in Reproductive Health and Innovation, CERHI|
|7||University of Port-Harcourt||ACE Center for Oil Field Chemicals,(CEFOR)|
|8||Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife||OAU Knowledge Park, OAK-Park|
|9||Bayero University, Kano||African Centre of Excellence ACE in Dryland Agriculture, CDA|
|10||Benue State University, Makurdi||Centre for Food Technology and Research, (CEFTER)|
Enhancing Regional Capacity, Evaluation and Collaboration Component (2) consists of regional activities to build capacity, support project implementation, monitor and evaluate, and develop regional policies. Furthermore, this component will boost regional collaboration by supporting. The Gambia is under Component (2). The Gambia in strengthening its higher education institutions through education services purchased from the ACEs strengthened under Component (1).Component 2.1: Enhancing Regional Capacity and Evaluation through the Regional Facilitation Unit at the Association of African Universities (AAU) in Accra, Ghana. This sub-component will be financed through a Regional IDA Grant to the Association of African Universities (AAU). The AAU will support: (i) capacity building, knowledge sharing and coordination between the ACEs, for example through joint lessons learning as well as implementation of a communications plan; (ii) undertake regional monitoring and evaluation (M&E) activities to improve and assess the performance of the selected institutions. This includes tracer studies, technical audits, collection of academic data, and topic-wise evaluations; (iii) technical assistance to regional bodies, including ECOWAS and WAEMU to support regional policy making on regional higher education science and technology agenda; and (iv) activities required for regional project facilitation and steering.
Component 2.2: Project Facilitation in Nigeria. This sub-component will finance project implementation support and facilitation for the National Universities Commission in Nigeria. This includes national facilitation, training, and supervision in fiduciary aspects as well as national M&E and minor Technical Assistance (TA).
Component 2.3: Enhancing Demand-driven Regional Education Services in The Gambia. This sub-component is financed through a Regional IDA Credit. It seeks to increase regional use and benefit from the strengthened ACEs under Component 1 in a demand-driven manner. The sub-component will finance provision of higher education services to The Gambia’s students, faculty and civil servants. The education services could include short-term specialized training to government officials, short-term merit-based scholarships to young talent, faculty development for non-ACE institutions, visiting faculty, and curriculum development. The Gambia will contract the ACEs to deliver the demanded services.